Quick Answer: What Is An Acceptable PPK?

Are CPK and PPK the same?

If we look at the formulas for Cpk and Ppk for normal (distribution) process capability, we can see they are nearly identical: The only difference lies in the denominator for the Upper and Lower statistics: Cpk is calculated using the WITHIN standard deviation, while Ppk uses the OVERALL standard deviation..

What does CPK and PPK stand for?

Sorry to tell, but definition of Cpk and Ppk is wrong, it´s just the other way round: Ppk is a short term analysis (mostly done with 50 or 100 samples measured) Ppk is Process Potential Capability. Cpk is long term analysis and is Continous Process capability.

What is a good PPK value?

For stable processes and normally distributed data, a Cpk value ≥ 1.33 should be achieved. For chronically unstable processes with output meeting specification and a predictable pattern, a Ppk value ≥ 1.67 should be achieved.”

What is a good PPK?

The larger the Ppk, the less the variation between process output and specifications. If Ppk is between 0 and 1.0, not all process output meets specifications. If the system is centered on its target value, Ppk should be used in conjunction with the Pp index.

What does a Cpk of 1.0 mean?

Process Capability IndexDefinition: Cpk = Cpk = Process Capability Index. … A Cpk that’s less than 1.33 needs some action to make it higher, and a Cpk of less than 1.0 means that the process is not capable of meeting its requirements.

Why is PPK higher than CPK?

theoretically Ppk can’t be greater than Cpk. However, it is possible to get Ppk larger than Cpk due to measurement problems (poor resolution or chunky data particularly if you use the Range to estimate the standard deviations) and if you have almost no between subgroup variation…

What does CPK 1.67 mean?

Excellent, CapableThe Capability Index, Cpk. The outcome of a Process Capability study is a single metric, which provides an indication of the ability of a process to consistently provide output which is within required specifications. CPK <1.00 (Poor, incapable) 1.00< CPK <1.67 (Fair) CPK >1.67 (Excellent, Capable)

What percentage is 4 sigma?

Five-sigma corresponds to a p-value, or probability, of 3×10-7, or about 1 in 3.5 million….Don’t be so sure.σConfidence that result is real3 σ99.87%3.5 σ99.98%> 4 σ100% (almost)4 more rows•Aug 16, 2017

Should I use CPK or PPK?

Another way to look at the difference is that Cpk is used for a subgroup of data, while Ppk is used for the whole process. Cpk is typically used while processing in the ideal conditions to identify if the process is capable of meeting the specifications.

How many Sigma is 1.67 Cpk?

Sigma level tableTwo sided tableCpk PpkSigma levelPPM out of tolerance1.334.063.3421.504.56.7951.675.00.5738 more rows

What does a Cp of 1.5 mean?

In fact, the Cp states how many times the process can fit inside the specification. So a Cp of 1.5 means the process can fit inside the specification 1.5 times. A Cp greater than one is obviously desirable. However, the example has a Cp greater than one and yet it still has data outside the specification.

What is the purpose for using PPK?

Ppk (Capability) Ppk is another performance index that measures how close the current process mean’s proximity is to the specification limits.